Classical and Romantic Music

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This group devoted to that time of transition in music from the Classical era to the Romantic period, and includes music of both periods.

Welcome to the "Classical and Romantic Music" group!

Music of The Classical period in Western music, that occurred from about 1750 to 1820, despite considerable overlap at both ends with preceding and following periods, as is true for all musical eras. Although the term classical music is used as a blanket term meaning all kinds of music in this era, it can also occasionally mean this particular era within that tradition. The Classical period falls between the Baroque and the Romantic periods. The best known composers from this period are Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven; other notable names include Luigi Boccherini, Muzio Clementi, Johann Ladislaus Dussek, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, and Christoph Willibald Gluck.

The Classical period (1750-1820AD).

It is during the Classical period that "the masses" really began to partake in the musical experience with more and more public concerts and performances. As the general populace began paying for concerts, the composers were free to write more of what they wanted, as long as it appealed to the public. They no longer had to write what the nobility wanted to hear.The cornerstone of Classical music composition was balance. The gaudy, overly ornate style favored in the Baroque age fell out of favor in the Classical period. This new style was reflected in the titles of the pieces of the day. Compositions no longer used flowery titles like "The Four Seasons". Instead, compositions had more matter of fact titles like "Piano Concerto No. 9."

The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs from 1803, when Beethoven wrote his "Eroica" Symphony, to around the end of the 19th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. The Romantic period was preceded by the classical period, and was followed by the modernist period. The Romantic movement held that not all truth could be deduced from axioms, that there were inescapable realities in the world which could only be reached through emotion, feeling and intuition. Romantic music struggled to increase emotional expression and power to describe these deeper truths, while preserving or even extending the formal structures from the classical period. A new generation of composers emerged, among whom were Beethoven, Ludwig Spohr, E.T.A. Hoffman, Carl Maria von Weber and Franz Schubert. (Wikipedia)

The Romantic Period (1820-1900AD).

Where the Classical period was balanced and refined, the Romantic era is marked by expressive compositions. Poems were set to music and musical themes were used to tell stories. Conventions regarding proper length, number of movements and instrumentation of a piece were abandoned in favor of more expressive and experimental aspects. This led to new forms like etudes, variations and character pieces.Chromatic harmony, a scale with 12 notes, and diminished, dominant and sevenths became widely used. Rich textures and full chords were also popular. Rhythms became more complex and used syncopation. Melodies were songlike and much more expressive, often using varied phrase lengths, more dynamic volume and tempos.The Piano gained importance and was the subject of much of the compositions of this period, including nocturnes, impromptus and etudes.

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